Denk hierbij aan fysieke maatregelen, preventie (pre-ongeval aspecten) en strategieën om misdaad te voorkomen. Hieronder worden deze in het engels toegelicht. Zie voor meer informatie:

Physical measures – prevention (pre-accident)

As with products, environments can be designed to enforce safe behaviour as well. An example of physical measures to enhance safety is the prevention of access to unsafe areas. Further elaboration on the use of sensory influences, such as of light, colours, music, and other sensory perception to make environments safer, can be found in: .

Post-accidental aspects

Besides prevention (pre-accident), the design of the environment may take some post-accidental aspects into account as well: is it easy to reach the place of an accident by emergency workers, has the workplace been designed in such a way that others can see what happens for the purpose of a quick response and/or to witness afterwards what has happened, etc.

Designing out crime

On this topic, we may learn from the area of public safety. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED – pronounced as sep-ted and also known by various other labels like Designing Out Crime) is defined as a multi-disciplinary approach to deterring criminal behaviour through environmental design (Design Council, 2011). CPTED strategies rely upon the ability to influence offender decisions that precede criminal acts by affecting the built, social and administrative environment. Three common strategies for designing out crime are natural surveillance, natural access control and natural territorial reinforcement.

Methodological tools and techniques

Besides the subject-related guidelines, which may be translated to the context of safety at work, designing out crime uses some methodological tools and techniques as well which may be applied for safety at work. Designers working on crime prevention and reduction need to think beyond the user: to understand how to prevent crime for occurring, they have to fully understand how crimes happen. Therefore, except for user-centred design they also apply the viewpoint of an abuser-centred design. Another mechanism is the concept of a Crime Lifecycle Model to identify where (pre-crime, post-crime) anti-crime elements can be incorporated. The analogy with ‘accident-centred design’ or accident Lifecycle Model is clear.